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About Dhulian

Dhulian is not only a town but also an important municipality that is located in the Jangipur subdivision of the district of Murshidabad in the Indian state of West Bengal. The town of Dhulian is located between the famous Hooghly canal and the Ganges. This is also referred to as the Bhagirathi-Hooghly, which is a major distributary of the Ganges River. Dhulian is situated around 94 km to the northwest of the city of Baharampur, which is the headquarters of the district of Murshidabad, and around 278 km away from the capital of the state, Kolkata. The town is known to be an urban agglomeration, and according to the census reports, the population here is above one lakh. Since Dhulian is surrounded by two of the major perennial rivers, the land is extremely fertile, and Dhulian also serves as a major inland water transportation. The important trading points are between the Murshidabad district and Rajshahi, which is located in Bangladesh. The main festivals that are celebrated in Dhulian are Bakrid and Eid-ul-Fitr. Also, the Bengalis celebrate the Durga Puja, the Kali Puja, and the Makar Sankranti or the harvest festival.

Geography of Dhulian

Dhulian is situated at 24.68 degrees North and 87.97 degrees east. The average elevation of the town is around 4 meters. Dhulian has been surrounded by the Farakka in the North, Aurangabad in the South, the Ganges River on the East, and Pakur to the West.

Demographics of Dhulian

According to the Indian census of 2011, Dhulian was known to have a population of around 239,022. Out of the total population, there were 119,511 males and around 119,871 females. The population of the age group between zero to six years was 45,483. The literacy rate for the population who was seven years old or above was 60.06%.

In accordance to the Indian census of 2001, the population of Dhulian was 72,096. The males constituted fifty percent, and the females constituted the other fifty percent of the entire population. The literacy rate of Dhulian is 39 percent which is lower than the national literacy rate. The male literacy rate is 48 percent, and the female literacy rate is around 31 percent. The population who are below six years of age are twenty percent.

History of Dhulian

Dhulian is a very quiet town that is situated on the banks of the Ganga River. The lifestyle that the people enjoy here is Riverside as they spend most of their day by the Ganges. Farakka, which is located just a few kilometers away from the town of Dhulian, has evidence of the ancient civilizations that are dated back to 1500 BC. This evidence was discovered during an excavation conducted here. During the medieval period, Gouda Kingdom was considered to be among the largest of all the other kingdoms in Bengal. The king of the Gouda Kingdom was King Shashanka. The kingdom had encompassed many districts like the districts of Bardhaman and Birbhum as well as the district of Murshidabad. Shashanka was known to rule over the region of Dhulian during the fifth century AD.

The Mughal Empire was known to rule Bengal in the sixteenth century. Aurangzeb, who was a Mughal Emperor founded the place called Mashukabad, which was later named as Murshidabad. Kar Talab Khan was appointed as the Diwan of the Bengal Subah when Murshidabad was made the capital of Bengal by Murshid. In the year 1757, the Battle of Plassey was fought between the Nawab of Bengal and the East India Company, in which the British won. The British ruled this place for many years after that.

After India was divided by the British into Pakistan and India, the district of Murshidabad was attached to the east of Pakistan because of the majority of the Muslim population. Later, Murshidabad became a part of India according to the Radcliffe Line Commission. The town of Dhulian became very famous because it was an eminent part of the district of Murshidabad. This place was the primary seat of not only the Quit India Movement but also the Bengali Renaissance. Dhulian has a rich historical background particularly because of the movements that took place here.

Economy in Dhulian

The economy of the town of Dhulian is driven mainly by agriculture. Crops like wheat, jute, barley, oilseeds, legumes, and mulberry are grown. Mangoes are also cultivated on a wide scale here.  The crafts industry include the ivory, silk, wood, and the most important among them is the Sholapith industry. Baluchari sarees are very famous in this place, and it makes one of the most important economies. There are also heavy industries like the Power Plant Industries.

Police Station in Dhulian

The Samserganj Police Station is situated in Dhulian and it is responsible for taking care of all the crimes that are going on in the city. The police station is known to have the jurisdiction over the Samserganj CD block.

Tourism in Dhulian

There are many attractions that are found in Dhulian that the tourists should not fail to visit. This includes the Farakka Barrage, the Snake Garden, the Nimita Zamindari Palace, and so on.

The Farakka Barrage

The Farakka Barrage is among the most important tourist destinations that are situated around 30 km away from Dhulian. This barrage is a dam of low height which is built across the Ganga River, near the town of Farakka. This barrage took as long as 14 years to be completed. The main purpose to create the dam was for diverting the water of the Hooghly River into the Farakka Feeder Canal during the months of January to June. This place is one of the most beautiful points to click pictures of the Ganges along with the sunset and the sunrise. Boating activities are also arranged for the tourists on the northern side of the barrage.

Ahiron Lake

Ahiron Lake is a freshwater lake that is elliptical in shape. It is located in the district of Murshidabad and around 30 km away from the Dhulian town. The lake is located just beside the NH 34 that connects Kolkata to the city of North Bengal. The lake is fed by the water that comes during the flood from Ganga River, and it swells up to almost 68 hectares. During the summer season, the lake shrinks to almost 30 hectares. The land that becomes dry after the monsoons are used to grow crops. This place is used for all the fishing operations. There is a major part of the lake that is not touched at all because of the migratory birds. There are many endemic birds and migratory birds that are found here. The Pochard Rhodonessa Rufina, which has a red crest is found here. The Ferruginous Duck, Grey-headed Lapwings, Black-tailed Godwits, Pallas's Fish-Eagle Greater Spotted Eagle, Marsh Harrier, Osprey Pandion, etc. are the popular bird varieties that are found here. When the season comes, the lake is filled with a number of birds. The beauty of the Ahiron Lake is fascinating. This is one of the best tourist destinations, especially for the bird watchers and the photographers.

Dhulian is a place that is famous for its rich history, and any people visiting Murshidabad should not forget to check out the town of Dhulian.

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